Native Americans used fire to keep forest growth in check so there would be open land for cultivation and hunting. Fire also helps open up the forest floor for recreation such as hiking, biking, horseback riding, hunting, and wildlife viewing. In addition to conducting prescribed burns, our wildland firefighters also manage any wildfires.
A wildfire and a prescribed burn differ greatly. Wildfire, an unplanned event, can be very destructive to the forest and its inhabitants, including damaging the forest floor and preventing new growth.
Prescribed fire is always planned, conducted by qualified personnel following predetermined weather parameters. Prescribed fire is closely managed. Fire managers utilize natural and existing barriers such as roads, trails, and streams that prevent fire from spreading outside its intended boundary.
Prescribed fire has numerous purposes, including restoring the natural role of fire back on the landscape, reducing non-native and invasive tree and plant species, and reducing hazardous fuels. Conducting prescribed burns can also reduce the fuel load in a forest which decreases the chance of a wildfire occurring, and reduces the intensity, size, and destructive capability of a wildfire if one does occur. Land Between the Lakes protects, maintains, and enhances natural and cultural resources during each and every prescribed burn.
Researchers using dendrochronology, which is the dating of past events through the study of tree rings, discovered that fire had been suppressed at Land Between the Lakes for 80 years. Repressing fire in a fire adaptive ecosystem is problematic because several native tree species, including the shortleaf pine and several oak species, depend on fire to reproduce and survive.
In 2004 Land Between the Lakes began native oak grassland restoration to encourage a variety of habitats for native plant and animal species. When we reintroduced wildfire into the Devil’s Backbone State Natural Area, the fire uncovered bare mineral soil on the forest floor. Soil like this enhances shortleaf pine regeneration and encourages the growth of all young trees.
Land Between the Lakes uses prescribed fire as a tool to meet specific Land and Resource Management Plan (Area Plan) goals and objectives. These include conducting an average of 10,000 total acres of prescribed burns annually.
The Area Plan outlines the primary strategies of fire management at Land Between the Lakes including ensuring firefighter and public safety, reducing hazardous fuels accumulation, educating the public about fire management, suppressing fires at minimum cost, using fire to promote ecosystem sustainability, and enabling fire to function in its natural ecological role.
If you would like to learn more about fire management at Land Between the Lakes, please contact [email protected].